Research, science and technical information is the foundation for all kiwi conservation work in New Zealand.

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Diversification of Kiwi

A paper published in 2016, by researchers from the University of Toronto and scientists from the Department of Conservation. Looking at the different genetic lineages  within the currently recognised five species.

Here is a link to the paper

Taonga of an island nation: Saving New Zealand’s birds

Dr Jan Wright the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment report looks at the plight of our native birds. This report addresses the threats our indigenous species face before making recommendation to the government for change –

“Ninety-three of our bird species are found in no other country”, said Dr Wright. “We must look after them. Our birds need help not only in national parks, but on farms, along rivers and coasts, and in cities. This is a battle for all New Zealanders.”

Read the full report here

Stoat research programme

In 1999, a five-year $6.6 million stoat control research programme was initiated. It aimed to find more cost-effective and sustainable approaches to controlling stoats, which are a critical threat to many of our native wildlife. Five reports about the Stoat Research Programme are available.

They contain bibliographies which may point you to further useful information.

Ongoing research on ferrets and stoats is undertaken by Landcare Research scientists.

Operation Nest Egg Situation Analysis

This report was put together by Wildlands Consultants and provides an analysis of the Operation Nest Egg program.

You can view the report here

Kiwi first aid and veterinary care

This report on kiwi first aid and veterinary care (PDF: 1,874KB) by Kerri J. Morgan provides information about the treatment of sick or injured kiwi for veterinarians, conservation field workers and wildlife park staff. It incorporates basic techniques to stabilise sick or injured kiwi.

You can also download a Kiwi Field Reference Card (PDF: 269KB) with instructions on what to do if you find a sick, dead or injured kiwi, or eggs that have been found abandoned eggs.

Specific diseases and common injuries that have been seen in kiwi are also addressed. Diagnostic and treatment techniques specific to each condition and, in some cases, specific to kiwi, are included.

The development of Operation Nest Egg™ as a tool in the conservation management of kiwi

This Science for Conservation report (number 259) (PDF: 144KB), was published by the Department of Conservation in 2005. It reviews the development of Operation Nest Egg™ as a tool in kiwi conservation, outlines some of the early successes and failures (up to June 2002), and identifies situations where Operation Nest Egg™ should be applied.

 Operation Nest Egg Best Practice Manual

This manual outlines the current best-practice knowledge, protocols and techniques for the Brown Kiwi Operation Nest Egg programme. It draws together the most up-to-date information and current best practices from the Operation Nest Egg programme in one place, and makes this resource available to all current, and prospective, captive rearing centres

Research and monitoring plan for the kiwi sanctuaries

This Science for Conservation report (number 241) (PDF: 116KB), written by Hugh Robertson, was published by the Department of Conservation in 2004. It sets out the background to a series of recommendations about research and monitoring within the five kiwi sanctuaries. Many of its principles are also applicable to other sites where kiwi are being studied or managed as part of their ecosystem.

Experimental management of Brown kiwi in central Northland, New Zealand

The population growth of Brown Kiwi Apteryx mantelli was measured under four different management regimes: unmanaged, predator trapping, predator poisoning, and Operation Nest Egg (ONE) — the removal of eggs for artificial incubation and return of resultant subadults to the wild.

This study has helped to develop a range of tools that are now being used to facilitate recovery of populations of all four threatened species of kiwi in New Zealand, and the experimental approach used has wider application in management of other threatened species. Authored by Hugh A. Robertson, Rogan M. Colbourne, Peter J. Graham, Patrick J. Miller and Raymond J. Pierce.