Formal strategies and plans have been developed to guide how kiwi are managed. These use the knowledge gained through science, research and hands-on management to work out where our effort and resources should be put to make the best gains for kiwi.
Saving the Kiwi strategy
Originally known as Target 2%: Working with New Zealanders to grow kiwi populations, this strategy outlines Kiwis for kiwi investment strategy over the next five years. It describes how the Trust will prioritize its spending, and how it will utilise existing management programmes and infrastructure, funded by others, to leverage its investments and grow kiwi populations cost-effectively and quickly. This is a working strategy and will be adapted as we progress. The original document therefore gives a comprehensive overview of the programme, but the details may be amended over time.
Saving a national icon: Preliminary estimation of the additional cost of achieving kiwi population stability or 2% growth (Landcare Research)
The report lays out the current situation for kiwi and discusses what is needed to achieve growth for all kiwi taxa. It shows that where work is being done to manage kiwi habitat, kiwi are growing in numbers.
Importantly, it recognises the incredible effort of the community in protecting kiwi and acknowledges that this will continue to be vital in the pursuit of a 2% increase in kiwi populations. Around $7 million of community effort is contributed each year by the dedicated volunteers around the country.
Kiwi Recovery Plan 2018–2028
The Kiwi Recovery Plan 2018–2028 (the fourth recovery plan for kiwi) was developed collaboratively to set out the actions needed to achieve the goal of growing the current 70,000 kiwi in New Zealand to 100,000 by 2030.
Our overarching goal is to restore and, wherever possible, enhance the abundance, distribution and genetic diversity of all kiwi species.
The strategy for achieving this is four-fold:
- to undertake predator control in kiwi habitat;
- to continue using tools such as Operation Nest EggTM to raise chicks in captivity for release when they are ready;
- continue research into genetics, breeding, habitat requirements, monitoring techniques and landscape-scale pest control methods;
- increase help from the community and businesses, especially in areas where kiwi are found on private and production land.
Kiwi Best Practice Manual
Published in 2018, this manual aims to help establish nationwide consistency in the way kiwi are managed and researched, based on the best available techniques for both wild and captive kiwi. It also advocates for continuous improvement.
The Kiwi Best Practice Manual is a companion to the Kiwi Recovery Plan 2008–2018 and the Kiwi Captive Management Plan.
It was was prepared by Hugh Robertson and Rogan Colbourne, Natasha Coad, James Fraser, John McLennan and Troy Makan on the entire document.
Individual sections have been reviewed by a number of specialists, including Kate McInnes (veterinary issues), Claire Travers (ONE), Andrew Glaser (kiwi dogs), Stu Cockburn and Andrew Digby (automated call recorders and trail cameras), Paddy Stewart (automated call recorders), and Kevin & Gill Adshead, Robin & Sandy Toy, and Sandy Yong (trail cameras).
Download the Kiwi Best Practice Manual.
Taxon plans are coming soon. Over time, separate taxon plans will be written for each of the five formally recognised kiwi species and their subspecies. These will set goals and describe in detail the management and research actions required to achieve and maintain them. A link will be provided to each taxon plan as it becomes available.
Completed plans include:
- Northland Brown Kiwi Taxon Plan
- Western Brown Kiwi Taxon Plan
- Eastern Brown Kiwi Taxon Plan
- Coromandel Brown Taxon Plan
Captive Management Plan
Captive management is a cooperative effort between the Department of Conservation (DOC) and the captive community. The captive coordinator is Kiwi Recovery Group member Todd Jenkinson. The captive management programme is supported by the professional association of the Zoo & Aquarium Association (ZAA) website with the strategic direction of the programme outlined in the Captive Management Plan for kiwi (2018–2023).
The plan illustrates the key issues, goals and resultant activities that are needed to deliver a viable and sustainable captive kiwi population well into the future.
Husbandry & Operation Nest Egg Manual
This husbandry manual has been prepared for all institutions holding Brown kiwi, Apteryx mantelli, in captivity. It reflects the collective experience of many individuals and organisations that have held kiwi in captivity over the past four decades, and seeks to document current best practice in husbandry of captive kiwi.
Download the Brown Kiwi Husbandry Manual (Version 3 Updated 2015) to find out more.
Operation Nest Egg best practice manual, published 2012 can be found here
The Zoo Aquarium Association Australasia has put together a document looking at the advocacy messaging for kiwi in human care.
Kiwi Island Strategy